Legal framework for recharging infrastructures
The need to install new recharging infrastructures is clearly revealed by the global context, in which the diffusion of electric vehicles is at the same time advantageous, necessary and inevitable.
It is surely convenient for people considering the “E-Mobility Revolution” an incredible opportunity of innovation, a paradigm shift for transport sector which for decades is following established rules and is now seeing the opportunity to revise the rules of the game starting from how utilizing the means of transport, untill the wide range of development for the new electric vehicles design.
Such revolution is also necessary considering that urban centres are looking for a new quality of life, getting free from direct emissions of vehicles equipped with an internal combustion engine and are proposing new models of transport economics making urban transports efficient and effective through the new vehicles: noiseless, emission-free, efficient, smart and possible shared.
This historic change, which is part of the development plans of car manufacturers, has become inevitable because the above mentionned principles have been accepted and promoted by the institutions; they converted them in a legislative framework imposing, in addition to a limitation of pollutant emissions, an important diffusion of recharging infrastructures.
From the strategic global partnership with the most advanced utilities, since 2017 The E-Mobility division, takes an active part for the realisation of the electric vehicle recharging stations specified in the National Infrastructural Plan for the recharge of vehicles powered by Electric energy (PNire).
The national and international scenario creates the conditions for enhancing dissemination of electric vehicles, with exponential growth rates in terms of amount of vehicles (between 90,000 and 350,000 in 2020 defined on the basis of an estimate by the Polytechnic of Milan in 2017 *) and technological developments. Car manufacturers have taken a strategic decisions, declaring total or partial conversion into the electrical system of their range of vehicles model within a few years.
These are therefore the main predictive factors:
- Increase of the electric vehicle recharging stations by the major national Italian operator (up to 14,000 of public recharging stations by 2020)
- Increase of battery electric car models (full electric or BEV) or hybrid with the possibility of charging the batteries (hybrid plug-in or PHEV)
Demand for vehicles with even more autonomy and with faster charging time is highlighted by numerical trends, in addition to the technological ones. The development of new car models appears focused on fast charging to DC recharging stations, in order to limit the dimensions and weights of the on-board charger.
FIMER, has developed a line of recharging systems, both in AC and in DC, with modular characteristics and charging power up to 350kW, to meet the needs of next generation vehicles.
*Report from the Polytechnic of Milan in 2017